Tiger Barbs: Care, Diet, Lifespan, Tank Mates and More

A school of Tiger Barbs swimming around

You would expect the Tiger Barbs’ hype and popularity has to do with the fact that they possess many desirable qualities that hobbyist crave for in a fish, and you be right. 

First of all, they are amazingly beautiful and undoubtfully one of the most colorful barbs. This is the main reason why many hobbyists prefer them over other Barbs even with their pushy and fin nipping tendencies.

Secondly, they are very active, playful and like showing off their personality which makes them ideal for anyone that wants to liven up their tank. Watching them will never put you to sleep. 

Thirdly, they are very hardy and tolerate a wide range of water conditions, and can be kept even by beginners. 

All these fish need to do fine is an ideal set up. With that, even their aggression tendencies can be lowered. 

This guide will help you fashion that ideal set up and covers any other aspect you will need to successfully care for the Tiger Barbs. 

Let’s get to it!

Scientifically referred to as Puntigrus Tetrazona or Barbus Tetrazona, the Tiger Barbs are freshwater fish from the well known cyprinidae family. 

Tiger Barbs originated particularly in Borneo, Sumatra and Indonesia, but they can be found all over Southeast Asia. In their native habitat, they are usually found in small streams, lakes and swamps. 

Although they can live in different settings within their native habitat ranging from different lighting level, substrate type and depth level they tend to favor shallow murky waters. 

Most likely because those areas are enriched with algae and decaying plant material from the surrounding vegetation.

Another advantage these areas have is that insects and other invertebrates which make the most of Tiger Barbs food also like sticking to those areas.

If you want to maximize the potential of your Tiger Barb, you have to model their habitat condition in the tank as closely as possible

Due to their popularity, non-native tiger barbs have also been introduced in united states, Columbia, Australia and Singapore. There were able to survive these areas because they can endure a wide range of water parameters.

Tiger barb Care Snippet

  • Maximum fish size: 3.0 inch
  • Minimum tank size: 20 gallons
  • Aquarist Experience Level: Beginner – Expert
  • Temperament: Playful, but can be aggressive
  • Temperature: 68°F to 82°F
  • PH: 6.0 to 8.0
  • Hardness: 4-10dH
  • Diet: Omnivore
  • Care Level: Easy to Moderate
  • Ideal tank mates: Tinfoil Barb, Cherry Barb, Rosy Barb, Pictus Catfish, Neon Tetra, Clown Loach, Cory Catfish, Plecos, et Cetra


In terms of shape, Tiger Barbs resemble the Tinfoil Barb almost more than any other Barb. 

They have a diamond-shaped body with an edged triangular snout. Like most fish, males and females differ slightly in appearance. The differences go like this:

  • Males are usually a bit smaller than Females 
  • Females tend to have a rounder body while males are more streamlined.
  • Males have more vibrant colors and patterns.

You can probably guess why these fish have the word “Tiger” in their name. Indeed, they resemble a tiger with their golden yellow background and the four prominent black bands.

As if that’s not adorable enough, they also have bright orange markings on their fins and snout. Those bright orange markings make it impossible for them to not stand out in any tank. 

Having said that, it’s important to point out that there are different Tiger Barbs color morphs currently around. You can see a variation in bands, like ones with broken bands, solid bands and absence of bands.

Tiger Barbs appearance

There are variations in scales color also, examples green, pale silver, gold and red. There is even an albino variation of these fish which is covered in pale cream scales and white bands. 

All the color morphs came as a result of selective breeding.

Another thing that deserves a mention is that Tiger Barbs color usually becomes more saturated with they are being well fed. That’s one way to know if you have nailed the feeding aspect of their care. 

Lastly, males color intensifies like no other time when trying to entice a mate.

Tiger Barb color morphs


Tiger Barbs grow to a maximum size of around 3 inches long and 1.4 inches wide. It’s not uncommon for these fish to max out at 2.5 inch long as there are so many factors that influence the size they can attain. 

If you want yours to achieve its full potential, you have to first make sure you buy it from a reputed breeder or seller. Yes, good breeding practices can actually affect their overall growth.

After you have achieved this, the next thing is providing them with top-notch care. This mostly entails keeping them in a suitably sized tank with conditions resembling their habitat and feeding them a healthy diet. 

One last factor that can affect fish growth which many hobbyists seem to forget is ideal tank mates. When you house your fish with unsuitable mates one possibility is that the other fish can be big enough to bully and stress them out. In that kind of condition, your Tiger Barb can never grow as they should. 

Tiger Barbs Lifespan

Under ideal tank conditions and proper care, the average lifespan of Tiger Barbs is between 5 to 7 years. 

Pretty much any factor that affects their overall growth can also affect their lifespan. That means you will be heating two birds with one stone when you are providing them with the best care possible. 

Temperament and General Behavior

When it comes to behavior if there is one thing the Tiger Barbs are well known for is bullying. These fish are regarded as semi-aggressive for a reason. They are fond of showing dominance among themselves and other tank mates.

You will find them bumping, biting and nipping at their tank mates. While this behavior is irritating it hardly results to injuries. Though I will advise you to avoid keeping them with long-finned fish such as Betta or Anglefish.

Moreover, there is one way you can lessen the aggression which is keeping them in suitably sized groups. Tiger Barbs are schooling fish that prefer being kept in groups 8 to 12. 

They tend to bother other fish in the tank when they are in a small group. Unlike schooling fish like Neon Tetra, they don’t appreciate a very large school that why its best to have nor more than 12.

Avoid cramping them as their aggression will increase significantly if they don’t have enough stretching room.  

Keeping 1 or two is out of the question otherwise these active and confident fish will become neither of those things. They will continue to hide which will in turn stress them out. 

An interesting social behavior which the tiger barbs exhibits is that they tend to build small hierarchies and spar for dominance. Every member of the group will try so hard to see they are at the top, its quiet fascinating!

Tiger Barbs Tank size and Requirements

Tiger Barbs are very active swimmers and not recommended for anything less than a 20-gallon tank. That said, I highly recommend you go for a bigger tank like 30 gallons if at all possible. 

That’s because a 20-gallon tank will only be enough for a school of 5. It’s required you allocate additional 3 gallons for each added Tiger barb. Therefore, a 30-gallon tank can house a school of 8. 

It’s important to remember that their aggression occurrences lower when they have enough stretching room and in a suitable sized school. 

Something that deserves a mention regarding their tank is, make sure you use a tight-fitting lid to prevent them from jumping out. 

The next important thing is equipping the tank with all the fish to require to adapt easier and feel at home. It’s not enough to just achieve water parameters similar to their habitats. You also have to make sure the tank setting is similar to what they are used to. 

These are the elements that will help us achieve that; substrate, aqauscaping, tank decorations, lighting and filtration.

Substrate for Tiger Barbs

The best substrate to use for Tiger Barbs is a combination of fine gravel with some cobbles and large rocks. The essence of those large rocks is to provide shelter and exploration opportunities for the fish.


Tiger Barbs don’t need any special lighting since in their natural habitat they don’t stick to one level and can survive in areas with different light intensity. You can use simple aquarium light for their tank


A good filtration system will help kept their water nice and clean but its important to mimic the gentle current of their habitat. To achieve this, an under gravel or low-flow filter is your best bet.  


Introducing submerged plants in their tank will help create shelter and algae and, will serve as the breeding ground for the fish when the times comes. 

However, you mustn’t overplant the tank so that they can move freely in the tank. One way to achieve that is by positioning the plants at the edge of the tank. 

Even though you have lots of choices on which plant to use I recommend you stick to ones that are easy to care for. Java Fern and Water Wisteria are two of the finest choices because they are not just easy to keep but also highly compatible. 

Tank decoration for Tiger Barbs

Some light tank decoration will help Tiger Barbs by creating more shelter and also make the tank feel more at home. The tank decoration should entail adding some driftwoods and caves.  

Water Parameters

Despite the fact that Tiger Barbs are very hardy and can tolerate a varying range of water conditions you should mimic their habitats water conditions as much as possible. 

Ideal water parameters have much to do with their well being, reduced stress and increased lifespan. 

Due to the decaying plant matter from the surrounding vegetation, the water in their habitat is usually acidic. This is why Tiger Barbs do best when their tank is kept around 6.5 pH 

Note that they can tolerate a pH range of 6.0 to 8.0.

The water hardness should be between 4 to 10 dKH while the temperature should be kept between 68°F to 82°F with 74°F being the optimum. 

To maintain these parameters, you have to invest in qualitative test kits so that you can make the necessary adjustments when needed.

Food and Diet

Tiger Barbs are omnivorous. Algae, zooplankton, plant materials, insects and worms are what make the most of their diet in the wild. This is one of the major reasons why they prefer sticking to waters with lots of decaying plant material from the surrounding vegetation.

While these fish aren’t fussy eaters its still important to make their diet as varied as possible and high quality. 

Since they are used to eating small invertebrates in the wild, they appreciate adult and larval brine shrimp and water fleas in captivity. You can supplement these with freeze-dried bloodworms, sinking pellets and crushed flakes.

You can guess that their diet is not complete without having some greenery. Tiger Barbs appreciate veggies like cucumber, zucchini and boiled lettuce.

By diversifying their diet like this their body will get all the necessary nutrients it needs to stay healthy. Plus, if you want your fish to display that captivating tiger-like body coloration even more, a healthy varied diet is the way to go. 

Don’t worry if you have some algae laying around your plants because they will conveniently consume it.

It’s always important to remind hobbyists to make sure they don’t overfeed their fish. You should feed your Tiger Barbs nor more than twice a day. 

Tiger Barbs Tank Mates

Before considering any other tank mate for Tiger Barbs be sure you have them in a group of at least 8. Some aquarists will even have a school of 12 before thinking of any other fish and that’s highly recommendable.

Once you fulfil that you can proceed with considering the essential factors in tankmate selection which are temperament, size and water parameters. 

You should avoid keeping them with small peaceful fish especially if they aren’t fast-moving, otherwise they will bully and stress them out.

Tiger Barbs bullying and territorial behavior is more when other fish are added to their tank as opposed to when they meet the other fish in the tank.

This is why its always better to add them to a pre-established tank housing other fish. That way they will not feel like the other fish are invading their territory. 

In terms of size, it’s always better to keep your fish with species within their size bracket. Taking these factors into consideration, the next best tank mates for these species are other barbs such as Rosy Barbs, Tinfoil Barb and Cherry Barb.

After these, then you should consider fast-moving species within their size bracket. It’s important they are fast so that they can get away from the Tiger Barbs when need be.

Tiger barbs mostly stick to swimming in the middle section of the tank. So other species that occupy a different section of the tank can also work. Example Plecos and Catfish. 

All things considered, these are some of the ideal Tiger Barbs tank mates.

It’s worth stressing you avoid long-finned fish such as angelfish and bettas seeing as Tiger Barbs are notorious fin nippers. 

A school of Tiger Barbs swimming around


Breeding Tiger Barbs isn’t so precarious like in case of some aquarium fish. It’s quite simple and straight forward. 

Tiger barbs have very interesting spawning behaviour because they choose a different mate every time they want to spawn.

Before starting the process, I recommend you have separate breeding tank on the side. Unlike cichlids, for example, Tiger Barbs do not have parental instinct and will gladly eat their eggs. 

The breeding tank should have a similar setup and water conditions with the main tank.  

Another way to protect the eggs is by using spawning grid to form some separation between the eggs and the parents. 

At this stage, the next thing to do is combine a few males and females and condition them with protein-enriched live foods such as bloodworms and brine shrimp. They should also be fed 3 times a day as opposed to the usual 2. 

You will know they are ready when the female start swelling up with eggs and the male color becomes more intensified especially around the fins and snout. 

As soon as a bonded pair forms, relocate them to the breeding tank. Tiger Barbs usually spawn in the morning and their eggs will stick to substrate and the vegetation. Remove the eggs from the tank immediately that happens so that they don’t get eaten. 

The eggs will hatch within 48 hours and the fry will eat their eggs sac for the next few days. After this, you should feed the fry larval brine shrimp for the next 3 days then switch to commercial fry food and later to the same food the parents eat.  

In case your Tiger Barbs fail to spawn, you can perform what some expert breeders recommend which is mimic the rainy season of their habitat. This is performed by conducting partial water changes and using a sprinkling system or lowering the water level. 

Common Diseases

Many hardy freshwater fish like the Tiger barbs don’t have any species-specific diseases. The bad news is that most of them are susceptible to the common freshwater diseases like ich, bacterial, parasitic and fungal infections. 

Ich is what you have to watch out for. Its caused by a parasite and make the body of the fish to appear like its sprinkled with salt.

Affected fish experience the feeling of ich all over its body in which case you will see it trying to rub itself against objects. 

Unfortunately, this disease is very contagious which is why it’s recommended to remove any fish that show a sign from the tank. Ich is potentially fatal if not treated in time.

The only good news is that its rather easy to treat with some over the counter drugs. It’s also possible to remedy by raising the water temperature to certain degrees. The only thing is you have to make sure your fish can survive the temperatures.

Fortunately, you can significantly lower the chances of your fish getting sick by maintaining a clean tank, top-notch water quality and excellent diet. 

Cleaning your tank once a month is sufficient if don’t have lots of fish in the tank. If the tank is densely populated, however, I recommended you conduct more frequent cleaning.

Top-notch water quality can only be maintained through scheduled testing. I recommend you test the water at least once a week with qualitative test kits obviously.

With regards to feeding, your fish should be alright as long as you stick to the recommendations I provided in the food and diet section. But, it doesn’t hurt to reiterate that a high-quality varied diet is what you should always aim for. 

Another thing that I keep mentioning in my guides is be sure to develop a habit of observing your fish activities from time to time. You should have nor problem with that seeing these fish are so darn pleasing to the eyes. I mean, looks are the main reason why most hobbyists keep them. 

By taking the time to observe them occasionally you will become familiar with the pattern of their activities. You will notice how they interact and this will help you understand when something is wrong. 

When they are sick you can notice things like decreased activity, erratic behavior, frequent hidings and behavior changes to mention a few. 


Choosing whether to keep Tiger Barbs or not isn’t a top call when you consider their ease of care, colorfulness, activeness and unique playful personality. 

You just need to fully understand their requirements which entails setting them up with at least a 20-gallon, even better, a 30-gallon tank.

Next, you need to mimic their habitat water parameters as much as possible and also equip the tank with light decoration and vegetation. 

Testing the water quality at least once a week and cleaning the tank at least once a month will help a long way in preventing diseases. That, plus giving them a high quality varied diet. 

Should you choose to keep them with other fish make sure you stick to the recommended ones, more so if you are a beginner. 

This virtually sums up the Tiger Barb care. Hopefully, this guide has provided you with all you are looking for concerning this fish. And if you are contemplating whether to keep it or not, I hope it helps you make the right decision.

Please feel free to rich out if you have any question we haven’t covered or if you have any info you think will help improve this guide. We’ll be more than happy if you do.

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